A reflection…

In this research project,  learned that finding and conducting research isn’t as easy as it sounds. A lot of work goes into creating the questions, waiting for responses and analysing the data. Specifically for my topic, it was difficult to gather a large sample size, as not a lot of people in BCM212 caught the 887 bus in which I was investigating. I asked friends from other courses if they knew anyone in the BCM212 cohort that caught the 887 bus, with most of them responding no.

This was a factor I had considered to be an issue even before I started conducting my research methodologies. In spite of this, I had a plan b in case I ever found myself struggling to gather data. I changed my topic slightly to instead of just focusing on students that catch the 887 bus route, I found a way to incorporate local students. I  decided to compare their student experience depending on how long their commute to uni was and how their journeys affected them in school.

In relation to my survey questions, I think it made it harder for me to analyse the data as I made more than half of the questions open-ended to the point where there was more qualitative than quantitative data to analyse. In future reference, I would change this to make it more quantitative data, so I could have a more reliable analysis of what the students were responding.

Another thing I noted when completing this task was to take my gantt chart more seriously. I found myself not following when I would do something and this really threw me off my schedule. I lost motivation for a while and it made me lose track of where I should be up to in my tasks. I found myself procrastinating, especially when it came to writing my opinion piece. My procrastination is still something I need to, and hope to improve on in the future.

My risk matrix was also something I needed to keep in mind. I had relatives stay over for three weeks during the end of the semester which was really unexpected for me and found myself not doing as much uni work as I should of. I put this type of situation as a minor likelihood, when really it should’ve been put higher in my risk matrix.

This task taught me that no matter what, there are always setbacks when it comes to doing assessment tasks and conducting research, but finding ways to improve and learning from these setbacks, is what makes a good researcher.

An update: project difficulties/progression

My personal project of investigating the bus route 887 which runs from Campbelltown to Wollongong has been interesting. I’ve been talking to some of my fellow commuters and we all seem to have the same opinions on the bus as well as the difficulties the timetable can cause.

Although we all have the same thoughts and perspectives on the issue, I have run into some difficulty when investigating and collecting data. A challenging factor that has arisen is that a lot of the 887 commuters do not/ have not taken BCM212. This has made me rethink what my main method of collecting data should be. Originally it was a survey, but I am contemplating changing it to interviews as I fear that I would only have a small sample size to refer to when analysing my survey results.

Having a smaller sample size in this project can really determine the variety of opinions some students may have on the topic and how they think it can be solved or improved, which can decrease the amount of data I have to analyse.

Hopefully once I post my survey, a lot more people will respond and take part in my methods of research so I can bring attention to the issue that affects so many UOW students.

Research Proposal: The notorious 887 bus, and how its timetable affects students living outside of Wollongong

If you live outside of Wollongong, then travelling to and from uni can be a lengthy task to repeat several days a week. Aside from working, studying, and balancing a social life, travelling is one of the main factors that can heavily effect a students university experience.

In my area, there are essentially 3 ways you can get to uni which are; by driving, catching the bus, or taking the train. Most students who live in my area catch the 887 bus route which travels between Campbelltown and Wollongong. The average bus ride takes about 45-50 minutes to arrive to the university. However, in the past there have been many issues surrounding the 887 bus, one in particular being the bus timetable. The bus timetable has caused stress and difficulty for most students that I have encountered as it serves at inconvenient times.

In the past, the number one issue with the timetable is that on the way back from Wollongong, there is only ONE bus every hour until the last bus at 6:45pm. However get this – no 887 busses come to UOW between 12:45pm to 3:45pm. This means for example, if you finish a tutorial or a lecture at 1:30pm, you have to wait almost 2 hours before the next bus arrives. How crazy is that! As there is a 3 hour break, you can imagine the amount of students that wait for the 3:45pm bus to get home. This rises up another issue that the timetable has caused which is overcrowding. Overcrowding is a common factor with most of the busses surrounding the 3 hour time gap with the 887 bus. This has allowed a number of students to stand up throughout the isles for the whole duration of the trip back to Campbelltown. Most students have tried to incorporate this timetable into their uni schedules by working around the inconvenient times so they don’t finish classes during the 3 hour gap. But either way, there will always be overcrowding and a rush to even make it onto the bus.

In 2012, Oxford Brookes University conducted a survey that states that almost a quarter (24.1%) of students travelled more than 10 miles to get to campus, while more than a third (34%) took journeys lasting longer than 30 minutes.

Due to the number of complaints about the timetable, 887 commuters have expressed their frustration with this issue by posting comments, having petitions to get more busses, even contacting Transport NSW to inform them of their annoyance. Campbelltown State Labor MP Greg Warren has spoken about this issue where he states  “I have been contacted by countless students and their families about how the current public transport options for UOW students living in Campbelltown are inadequate… For the many students who have casual or part-time jobs in retail, hospitality or similar industries where they work during the evenings to support themselves during their studies, waiting for up to three hours for a bus is simply not an option.”

The University of Wollongong is well aware of this issue at hand and is trying to work with Transport for NSW to come up with a solution to the issue that effects students living outside of Wollongong.

More recently, the NSW Government announced thousands of new bus services alongside new train and ferry services as part of a statewide overhaul of the public transport timetable. This means that the 887 bus route will now have a bus running every hour until the last bus departs.

Although this is a win for the students living near the Macarthur region, it makes me wonder; shouldn’t the 887 bus be more easily accessible as the free shuttle busses that UOW provides for students living near areas closer to Wollongong? Should the 887 bus come more frequently like the shuttle busses?

This topic is relevant as travelling can heavily effect a student university experience. Personally I feel like when it comes to public transport, students living in the Macarthur region don’t get as much opportunities when it comes to travelling to the University of Wollongong. They should receive more buses to accomodate all of their students so it makes it easier for them and so they can enjoy their university experience more, and not stress about whether or not they can make the bus on time, or if it will be overcrowded and they have to stand the whole trip back home. The timetable can effect their overall wellbeing and can make them think, is this travel even worth it?

As there are more and more students from the Macarthur region attending UOW every year, shouldn’t they receive a more comfortable and convenient way of travelling to and from uni?


Collier, E. (2013). Why I live at home and commute to university. [online] the Guardian. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/education/mortarboard/2013/jan/16/live-at-home-and-commute-to-university [Accessed Mar. 2018].

Dailytelegraph.com.au. (2016). More buses needed between Campbelltown and Wollongong, MP says. [online] Available at: https://www.dailytelegraph.com.au/newslocal/macarthur/more-buses-needed-between-campbelltown-and-wollongong-mp-says/news-story/ae4c1cb5e564dae820cb331c35d59165 [Accessed Mar. 2018].

HUMPHRIES, G. (2017). Wollongong university dealing with overcrowding on 887 Campbelltown service. [online] Illawarra Mercury. Available at: http://www.illawarramercury.com.au/story/4633211/wollongong-university-dealing-with-overcrowding-on-887-campbelltown-service/ [Accessed Mar. 2018].






The rise of Nollywood


What is ‘Nollywood‘? Nollywood is a sobriquet that originally referred to the Nigerian film industry. It emerged in the early 1990’s and is the third largest film industry in the world with over 1,687 feature films produced in 2007 alone.

“Nollywood’s popularity across Africa and the diaspora certainly demonstrates the capacity of the films to travel” – Nigerian film producer and financier Yewande Sadiku

The cinematic phenomenon that was inaugurated in Lagos, has known an unprecedented measure of success in its homeland, Nigeria. Nollywood provides imagination and entertainment for its clientele and draws on traditional characters and situations as well as television serials imported from other places such as Mexico and Korea.

The development of Nollywood, manifested by informality and the robustness of different market networks, is a model of the unique challenges and opportunities that have allowed a creative growth and uprise in the global outline. As the world is highly networked, the exposure of the network society allows informal cultural industries to increase as well as the informality, opacity and alternative networks to become even more relevant.

In the reading “Nollywood: spectatorship, audience, and the sites of consumption” by Onookome Okome, it debates how certain societies in Nigeria have joined the trend of the “global village“. He discusses how the global village acts an a bilateral utopia, where stimulation of technology is extended to the whole human society. It highly correlates to globalisation and it shown through the concept of Nollywood through its films.

A central idea towards globalisation are cultural flows. This notion is highly significant to the notion of Nollywood and its industry as it varies in dimensions. Arjun Appadurai who was a contemporary social-cultural anthropologist recognised as a major theorist in globalisation studies, mentions the dimension of technoscapes, otherwise known as the flow of technology. The way technology flows from other countries into the Nigerian culture influences the notion of globalisation. As Nigeria has a poor economy, items such as filming equipment cannot be sourced from there. They are know to purchase more affordable technologies from different countries where they are known to me manufactured. Certain equipment such as digital cameras and DVD players would not exist if it wasn’t for globalisation and the modern means int brings to the world.

Mediascapes can also be seen in Nollywood through the result of globalisation. Mediascapes are the flow of information and images which are apparent through the Nollywood films themselves. The Nollywood industry is becoming more and more interesting to overseas scholars and curious individuals for its diverse culture and storytelling. The Nigerian films are widely accessible to anyone around the world thanks to globalisation. It connects the outside world to to Nigeria in a number of ways and shows the open effect globalisation has on Nollywood.

Listed below are two examples of Nollywood trailers. Enjoy!


En.wikipedia.org. (n.d.). Nollywood. [online] Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nollywood [Accessed Aug. 2017].

Fortune.com. (n.d.). Meet Africa’s Nollywood, the world’s second largest movie industry. [online] Available at: http://fortune.com/2015/06/24/nollywood-movie-industry/ [Accessed Aug. 2017].

Journals.sagepub.com. (2012). Global Nollywood: The Nigerian movie industry and alternative global networks in production and distributionGlobal Media and Communication – Jade Miller, 2012. [online] Available at: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1742766512444340 [Accessed Aug. 2017].

Postcolonial.univ-paris13.fr. (2007). Nollywood: Spectatorship, Audience and the Sites of Consumption. [online] Available at: http://postcolonial.univ-paris13.fr/index.php/pct/article/viewFile/763/425 [Accessed Aug. 2017].

Www-tandfonline.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au. (2009). Globalization, or the logic of cultural hybridization: the case of the Korean wave. [online] Available at: http://www-tandfonline.com.ezproxy.uow.edu.au/doi/abs/10.1080/01292980902826427 [Accessed Aug. 2017].

An International Education


Education is important. All of our interests can be enhanced by a simple investigation and the willingness to learn. No matter where you are in the world, education is a significant factor in an individuals life that deserves to be explored and considered in an individuals lifetime.

For some people, they wish to complete their education somewhere other than their home country. This allows them to gain insight into another culture and experience the different ways a country celebrates. Being an international student comes with many barriers, but also has a positive effect on their life. Some of the barriers international students face are language barriers and cultural differences.

Language barriers are one of the main factors that contribute to the transitioning of moving countries for an education. Not only do they have to learn new content, but they also have to communicate in the common language in the country they are moving to. This step may be difficult and may take some time to learn and understand, but it would make their experience a whole lot easier for them in the future. The language barrier is definitely a stereotype that many international students have to face, that may be true or untrue. Many students find it difficult to follow what both their lecturers and classmates are saying due to both the speed with which they spoke and because of their use of Australian colloquialisms.

The media often portrays certain stereotypes of international students that may have false accusations and negative connotations, they may also have a level of truth to it. Stereotypes may assume that international students are “weak, lacking, or helpless”, when in reality they have high levels of motivation and determination to experience a different culture and to experience a further education.

Another issue that international students may face while pursuing an education in another country is ethnocentrism. Ethnocentrism can be defined as the belief in the inherit superiority of ones ethnic group or culture.

“Australians are often to parochial trapped within an Australian-centred view of a diverse and complex world” – Marginson (2012: 2)

This quote by Simon Marginson goes to show the Australian mindset of international students and how the Australian citizen only really care for their own views and mindsets, rather than taking in and seeing things from a different perspective.

Cultural differences are also a big factor for international students to take in. As the Australian culture is very relaxed and easy going, it may take a while for someone to get used to it, especially if they come from a culture where everything they do must have thought or a purpose to it. Learning and adapting to new cultures may cause distress or difficulty and can prevent them from trying their best in their education.

In the paper “International Students: Negotiating life and study in Australia through Australian Englishes” by Peter Kell and Gillian Vogl, they discuss that “Some of the students took a while to get used to what they referred to as the ‘informalness’ or informality of Australians in terms of both the way they dressed and behaved. One student stated that; And nobody even dreams of wearing thongs to university (laughs) that is unimaginable, I mean if my mum got to know that I wear slippers and come to the college, she would freak out.”.

Here is a video that explores how learning Australian english is different.


Assignment Help. (2017). Challenges Faced by International Students in Australia. [online] Available at: https://myassignmenthelp.com/blog/challenges-faced-by-international-students-in-australia/ [Accessed Aug. 2017].

Kell, P. and Vogl, G. (2012). International students in the Asia Pacific. Dordrecht: Springer.

Lian, A. (n.d.). Challenges in global learning.

Webdiary.com.au. (2017). What is the big issue for international students? | Webdiary – Founded and Inspired by Margo Kingston. [online] Available at: https://webdiary.com.au/cms/?q=node/2526 [Accessed Aug. 2017].



Globalisation. What is it?

It is defined as an international movement that strives towards integrating trades, financial and economic communications.  It is a community that is influenced by technological development and interests in the economy, politics and the military. It allows the exchange of essential information from a worldwide audience in an instant.

Everything from the clothes we wear, the things we eat, and the movies/shows that we watch are all apart of globalisation. Globalisation allows individuals to exchange ideas and values, and share them with strangers from all across the globe.

Due to globalisation, our society has become more multi-cultural as it has allowed individuals to share their cultures, religions, and beliefs with one another. A big contributing factor towards globalisation is technological advancements, as they have allowed an easier way to share information and knowledge with one another and therefore forming the “global village“.

The global village is a popular term first coined by Marshall McLuhan who describes it as the world that has been “shrunk” by modern advancements in communication. So, essentially, all aspects of globalisation can be found and connected within the global village through the use of technology.

As technology is growing and adapting to trends in society, it has allowed the global communication environment to partake in media saturation due to social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, YouTube etc.

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The youth are the targeted demographic for media saturation, as they are the biggest component to partake in the rise of social media. However, with big platforms that can reach millions of people, there comes with a downside. As well as spreading information to each other, young adults can often be overwhelmed with the amount of knowledge they take from online sources.

Examples such as violent video games, movies, and television shows can have a negative effect on a child. The behaviours they observe in these platforms, can affect the way they present themselves in their own reality. By observing certain violent behaviours in their favourite video games or movies, it may allow them to believe it is acceptable in society for them to act the same way as a character in a virtual life.

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An example of this is the video game “Grand Theft Auto“, otherwise known as GTA. GTA is a controversial game that in a sense glorifies crime and violence and it begins to blur the edges of what actions are okay in real life. GTA participants can get so absorbed in this fictional world that they do not recognise the effects and consequences these actions may have in real life. They are fully immersed in a different world and this may cause conflict in their daily lives. These types of actions can cultivate violent messages and can cause a difficult understanding for young adults about what is acceptable and not acceptable in a community.

In result, globalisation has a major impact on our everyday lives whether we know it or not, and it continues to spread through different communities, cultures, and different walks of life, in order to communicate our beliefs.


Cortez, M. (2017). The Impact of Media Saturation on Youth. [online] UYWI :: Urban Youth Workers Institute. Available at: http://uywi.org/the-impact-of-media-saturation-on-youth/.

Forbes.com. (2017). Forbes Welcome. [online] Available at: https://www.forbes.com/sites/erikkain/2013/09/18/do-games-like-grand-theft-auto-v-cause-real-world-violence/#49002d4e3241.

Livinginternet.com. (2017). Marshall McLuhan Predicted The Global Village. [online] Available at: http://www.livinginternet.com/i/ii_mcluhan.htm.

Media Literacy for Kids. (2017). Effects of Media Saturation on Children. [online] Available at: https://medialiteracyforkids.wordpress.com/2015/05/14/effects-of-media-saturation-on-children/ [Accessed Aug. 2017].

Psychology Today. (2017). Media Saturation & Your Health. [online] Available at: https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/digital-altruism/201308/media-saturation-your-health [Accessed Aug. 2017].

Moving Image Project

For this assessment, I wanted to focus on the notion of innocence vs adolescence, with reference to George Ella Lyon’s poem, “Where I’m From”. To initiate my ideas for this project, I began to ask myself where I’m from. This idea can be seen through the contrasting nature of day and night, nature and development, and through the use of sound.

For the first half of this project, I concentrated on nature and how the use of light can reflect so much meaning. The bright images symbolise my childhood as they were always filled with joy and happiness, as well as nature, which can be reflected in the images of the sun, the plants, and the water. These were memories I’ve always remembered as a child and will continue to remember till I’m old and grey.

The second half of the project reflects a part of who I am today and how the people I surround myself with have an impact on my lifestyle and choices. The use of skateboarding exhibits my interests as an adolescent. This hobby has influenced the way I dress, act, and communicate with others. The moving image of the bus also reflects my adolescence as I’m developing and growing as an adult as I am moving from one stage of my life to another (high school to university).

The use of sound in the first half is closely related to nature and the sounds that calmed me as a child, whereas the use of sound in the second half displays how some personal issues, like my anxiety, have increased as I’ve grown up and faced the reality of society’s expectations.




Name: Charmaine

Age: 19

Education: University of New South Wales

How do you get to university?

I catch the train to Sydney, then a bus to my campus.

Do you find that there are any issues regarding your forms of public transport?

For the train, there is not really any issues that bother me. I think it is probably just the cost. Since I go to uni five days a week, the costs just add up. I probably spend around $25-40 a week just on travelling. Its not that bad, but if you just think about it in the long run, four or more years of university just really racks up a large bill.

What about the bus? Have you noticed any issues with that form of public transport?

Yes! Definitely! There is always a massive line at the bus stop. On some occasions I’ve waited up to an hour just to get on the bus. It just gets so packed during peak hours and it is really difficult to get on sometimes. I’m sure everybody who catches the bus to campus can say the exact same thing. It’s a nightmare. I even try to catch an earlier train to beat peak times, but a lot of students have the same mindset and it still is packed when I get there. The bus has even made me late to a lot of my lectures and tutorials which can really get on my nerves because some days I just wanna be in and out of uni, but these damn bus lines really get in the way.

Do you think there is a way in which this issue can be improved or resolved?

Uhm… Yes and no. Like, personally I think they could just get more buses on this route and it will speed up the process and lines. But also no because a lot of people go to UNSW and I feel like there is always going to be a crowd no matter what.